What tests we undertake before an IVF cycle?
In the private surgery:

  • Medical history
  • Gynae clinical examination
  • Smear test
  • Transvaginal pelvic ultrasound

In the IVF unit:

1. Hysterosalpingogram

Done in the X-Ray Department, it is an essential test, able to show the shape of the uterus but basically the it will show the patency of the tubes.

2. Spermodiagram

It is another important test, with this test we check the condition of the sperm, the number, the motility and morphology of the sperm. This has to be followed by culture to exclude any bacteria which may effect the quality of the sperm.

3. Hormonal profile

A series of hormonal tests like : FSH, E2 eastrodial, PRL, thyroid function test, androgens, insulin, antimullerian factor which will give us the opportunity to choose the appropriate treatment.

4. Mammography

To be done for precoscionary reasons in women around or over 40 years of age and in women with family history of breast cancer or history of multiple IVF attempts.

5. Hysteroscopy

Simple diagnostic procedure which involves a fine instrument 5 mm thick with strong light and a camera, with the use of water we infiltrate the inner cavity of the uterus and we are able to detect abnormalities like polyps, fibroids, adhesions, diaphragms, infections factors which may have an adverse effect in an IVF attempt.

6. Laparoscopy

It is a diagnostic procedure where we are able to look inside the patient’s abdomen. We can check the shape of the uterus, of the ovaries of the tubes and the same time the patency of the tubes. We can check also the presence of endometriosis. In the same time we can deal with any problem we detect immediately by operating and removing ovarian cysts, hydrosalpings, fibroids or dissect adhesions.


First of all it is vital that a couple should fill close to the doctor. This it would make them fill more comfortable and it will give them the opportunity to unfold their problem. We will listen carefully, we will study each case and we will treat it appropriately. The first visit can take place in my private surgery or in the IVF unit. I always start from what is essential. Meaning: by taking the patient’s history, by doing a thorough gynaecological examination and performing a transvaginal pelvic ultrasound. Thus we avoid entering in false diagnostic paths.



Dr. Panagiotis Karantzis

Panagiotis Karantzis born on 11/11/1963 in Athens.
He studied medicine at the University of Athens from which he graduated in 1990.
He specialized in Obstetrics and Gynecology from 1994 to 1998 entirely in M. Britain....